South-Central Balkan supratemperate submediterranean silicicolous perennial grasslands
Substrate reaction expresses soil pH and the content of calcium and other basic cations in the soil or water.
Preislerová, Z. (2022). Substrate reaction. – www.FloraVeg.EU.
The elevational vegetation belts reflect the vertical zonation of vegetation in relation to changes in climatic conditions. In the Arctic and Boreal zones, we distinguish only the Boreo-Arctic lowland and the Boreo-Arctic mountain belts, as the distinction of more belts is often unclear because in maritime and northern areas, the timberline is at low elevations, and the vegetation of the lowland Arctic tundra is very similar and often spatially connected with alpine tundra. In the Hemiboreal, Nemoral, Forest-steppe, Steppe and Submediterranean zone, we use the division into lowland, colline, submontane, montane, subalpine, alpine, and nival belts. In the Mediterranean and Macaronesian zones, we use the division into Inframediterranean, Thermomediterranean, Mesomediterranean, Supramediterranean, Oromediterranean and Cryomediterranean belts. Each elevational belt may shift up or down in a given mountain range or region, depending on local environmental conditions and historical circumstances.
Boreo-Arctic vegetation belts
Temperate vegetation belts
Mediterranean vegetation belts
Preislerová, Z. (2022). Elevational vegetation belt. – www.FloraVeg.EU.