fes01 | The Festuco-Brometea is the class of zonal steppe vegetation of Southern Ukraine and Russia. In Central, Southern and Western Europe it is represented by extrazonal communities in relict habitats or (more often) as secondary grasslands (mainly pastures) on soils prone to desiccation or quick water drainage. (LM).
Armerio-Festucetea Ubaldi 2003
Brachypodio-Brometea Barbero et Loisel 1971