T36 Temperate and submediterranean montane Pinus sylvestris-Pinus nigra forest

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Evergreen coniferous forests, generally dominated by either Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) or black pine (Pinus nigra and, towards the southern limit, various subspecies), less commonly with some Norway spruce (Picea abies) and deciduous associates, often in isolated and small stands on base-rich soils through the mountains of the temperate and submediterranean zones.

Chytrý M., Tichý L., Hennekens S.M., Knollová I., Janssen J.A.M., Rodwell J.S. … Schaminée J.H.J. (2020) EUNIS Habitat Classification: expert system, characteristic species combinations and distribution maps of European habitats. Applied Vegetation Science 23: 648–675. https://doi.org/10.1111/avsc.12519

Version 2021-06-01, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4812736.

For the official presentation of the EUNIS Habitat Classification from the European Environment Agency, please see: EUNIS Terrestrial Habitat Classification 2021. The FloraVeg.EU presentation may show modifications and partial updates to the habitat classification.

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