S51 Mediterranean maquis and arborescent matorral

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Evergreen sclerophyllous or laurophyllous shrub vegetation forming a dense closed canopy, with or without low emergent trees, on a wide variety of substrates and soils through the thermo- to mesomediterranean belts. May be permanent primary vegetation on xeric sites but is usually derived by the degradation of evergreen deciduous or coniferous forest and much influenced in structure and composition by grazing and fire.

Chytrý M., Tichý L., Hennekens S.M., Knollová I., Janssen J.A.M., Rodwell J.S. … Schaminée J.H.J. (2020) EUNIS Habitat Classification: expert system, characteristic species combinations and distribution maps of European habitats. Applied Vegetation Science 23: 648–675. https://doi.org/10.1111/avsc.12519

Version 2021-06-01, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4812736.

For the official presentation of the EUNIS Habitat Classification from the European Environment Agency, please see: EUNIS Terrestrial Habitat Classification 2021. The FloraVeg.EU presentation may show modifications and partial updates to the habitat classification.

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