R16 Perennial rocky grassland of Central and South-Eastern Europe

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Open grassland generally dominated by perennial grasses with rich mixtures of associated rosette herbs, mat-formers and geophytes, and especially towards Southern Europe, annuals. It occurs on shallow, impoverished soils over both calcareous and siliceous bedrocks, through the lowlands and submontane zone of Central and Southern Europe, best developed on steeper ground unsuited for agriculture, but extended where forest clearance and grazing, particularly by goats, have been part of traditional farming.

Chytrý M., Tichý L., Hennekens S.M., Knollová I., Janssen J.A.M., Rodwell J.S. … Schaminée J.H.J. (2020) EUNIS Habitat Classification: expert system, characteristic species combinations and distribution maps of European habitats. Applied Vegetation Science 23: 648–675. https://doi.org/10.1111/avsc.12519

Version 2021-06-01, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4812736.

For the official presentation of the EUNIS Habitat Classification from the European Environment Agency, please see: EUNIS Terrestrial Habitat Classification 2021. The FloraVeg.EU presentation may show modifications and partial updates to the habitat classification.

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