R54 Pteridium aquilinum vegetation

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Dense species-poor stands of bracken (Pteridium aquilinum), naturally a lowland European forest fern which, when not held in check by dense shade and lacking the traditional management of cutting and trampling by cattle, readily establishes itself as a dominant in non-forest land. It spreads vigorously by rhizome extension and produces a deep litter layer. It is common in many pastoral landscapes that are less traditionally managed than before. It can also dominate in areas of burned forest.

Chytrý M., Tichý L., Hennekens S.M., Knollová I., Janssen J.A.M., Rodwell J.S. … Schaminée J.H.J. (2020) EUNIS Habitat Classification: expert system, characteristic species combinations and distribution maps of European habitats. Applied Vegetation Science 23: 648–675. https://doi.org/10.1111/avsc.12519

Version 2021-06-01, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4812736.

For the official presentation of the EUNIS Habitat Classification from the European Environment Agency, please see: EUNIS Terrestrial Habitat Classification 2021. The FloraVeg.EU presentation may show modifications and partial updates to the habitat classification.

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